Conserving Biodiversity through Markets:

A Better Approach (No. 32)


What is the best way to preserve species-rich tropical habitats? During the past two decades, international conservation groups have attempted to save habitats by combining conservation with development. They have supported market activities such as ecotourism, forest product collection and marketing, and pharmaceutical research on natural organisms.

But many have been disappointed with the results. In this paper, David Simpson, a PERC Julian Simon Fellow, offers a market approach that he believes is more cost-effective: straightforward purchase of the desired conservation.

This paper, "Conserving Biodiversity Through Markets: A Better Approach," is part of the PERC Policy Series, which addresses timely topics involving markets and environmental issues. The series is published by PERC, the Property and Environment Research Center, in Bozeman, Montana, a nonprofit institute dedicated to improving environmental quality through property rights and markets.


R. David Simpson is the director of Ecosystem Economic Studies in the National Center for Environmental Economics at the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. All opinions expressed here are his own, and do not necessarily reflect those of the United States Environmental Protection Agency. Simpson has been a visiting professor at University...
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