Individual fishing quotas (IFQs), harvest cooperatives, and other limited access privilege programs have put fishermen in a fisheries management role and allowed them to reap what they sow. Now, new institutional “ingredients” are emerging to help further define roles for fishermen in management...
IFQs improve the health of fish stocks and the broader marine environment. Examining the data on the ecological role IFQs can play.
In this guide, Donald R. Leal shows how rights-based fishing policies, including individual transferable quotas, territorial rights and private harvesting agreements can reduce the costly and destructive race to fish. Leal offers an overview of this newly emerging approach to commercial fishing.
Overfishing in the oceans is a classic example of the "tragedy of the commons"-- overexploitation of an unowned resource. Fishing in U.S. waters is no longer a commons free of fishing restrictions, yet many fisheries still suffer from the tragedy of the commons.
Donald Leal, Holly Fretwell
Our national parks are in trouble. Their roads, historic buildings, visitor facilities, and water and sewer systems are falling apart.
Along the coastal waters of eastern Canada and the United States--in the Grand Banks off Newfoundland, for example, and in Georges Bank off New England--severe overfishing is leading to economic ruin. In spite of years of governmental restrictions on gear, catch, and seasons, fishers are over...